The increasing incidence of asthma has been largely explained by our research here at the Healthy Water Association. The known facts are:
1. Magnesium-deficiency can induce asthma, and asthma can often be alleviated by repletion of Mg. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14
2. The NAS has determined that most Americans are Mg-deficient, with men averaging about 80% of the RDA, and women averaging about 70% of the RDA. 15 Blacks and Hispanics are more Mg-deficient than whites. 16,17
3. Causes of loss of Mg include alcohol 18,19,20,21,22,23,24 caffeine 25,26,27 , cocaine 28, most asthma-treating drugs 29,30,31 phosphates (found in cola drinks) 32, physical or mental stress 33,34, loud noises 35,36,37,38,39,40,41, dietary fat 42, dietary fiber43,44,45,46, and dietary calcium 47,48,49,50,51.
4. The food supply has been steadily becoming magnesium-poor since 1909. 52
1909 intake 408 mg/day
1949 intake 368 mg/day
1980 intake 349 mg/day
1985 intake 323 mg/day (men)
1985 intake 228 mg/day (women)
5. Explanations for the decline of magnesium in the American diet include more food processing 53,54,55, soil-exhaustion 56,57,58,59,60,61,62, the FDA's destruction of the American mineral water industry in the 1930's 63,64,65 and the development of softer tap water reservoirs to replace the hard water of streams and wells. 66,67,68,69,70,71
Special inner-city circumstances causing Mg-deficiency, conducive to asthma, are (1) unusually bad diets containing much fat but few greens. (2) mental and physical stress, and exposure to frequent loud noises. (3) exposure to alcohol, caffeine, and cocaine. (4) inner city populations are often Black or Hispanic (groups having lower Mg intakes.)
The rest of the world prevents asthma largely by drinking hard water, or mineral water with an average Mg content 10 times the American bottled water average. 72,73,74
1 asthma.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
2 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=9777879&dopt=Abstract (Medical Journal Reprint)
3 http://pharminfo.com/pubs/msb/mg_asthma.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
4 http://cs.portlandpress.co.uk/cs/095/cs0950137.htm (Medical Journal Reprint)
5 http://cs.portlandpress.co.uk/cs/095/cs0950111.htm (Medical Journal Reprint)
6 http://www.thriveonline.com/health/Library/CAD/abstract8735.html (Medical Journal Reprint)
7 http://www.ama-assn.org/special/asthma/library/scan/archive/magnes.htm (Medical Journal Reprint)
8 dur27.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
9 http://www.wwrem.com/012797/0127973.htm (Medical Journal Reprint)
10 abstract.shtml#asthma1 (Medical Journal Reprint)
11 abstract.shtml#asthma2 (Medical Journal Reprint)
12 abstract.shtml#asthma3 (Medical Journal Reprint)
13 abstract.shtml#asthma5 (Medical Journal Reprint)
14 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=9501684&dopt=Abstract (Medical Journal Reprint)
15 Prepublication copy, 1997, of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Magnesium, from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science. exhibitk.shtml
16 Prepublication copy, 1997, of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Magnesium, from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science. Page 6-5 . exhibitk.shtml
18 Kalbfleish, J. M., et al. Effects of Ethanol Administration on Urinary Excretion of magnesium and other electrolytes in alcoholic and normal subjects. Journal of Clinical Investigations. Vol. 42. 1963.
19 Role of magnesium and calcium in alcohol-induced hypertension and strokes as probed by in vivo television microscopy, digital image microscopy, optical spectroscopy, 31P-NMR, spectroscopy and a unique magnesium ion-selective electrode ALCOHOL. CLIN. EXP. RES. (USA), 1994, 18/5 (1057-1068) abstract.shtml
20 Kalbfleisch JM, Lindeman RD, Ginn HE, Smith WO: Effects of ethanol administration on urinary excretion of magnesium and other electrolytes in alcoholic and normal subjects. J Clin Invest 42:1471-1475, 1963.
21 Mendelson JH, Ogata M, Mello N: Effects of alcohol ingestion and withdrawal on magnesium states of alcoholics: clinical and experimental findings. Ann N Y Acad Sci 162:918-933, 1969.
22 Lindeman RD.: Nutritional influences on magnesium homeostasis with emphasis on renal factors. In Magnesium in Health and Disease,eds M Cantin, MS Seelig, Spectrum, NY,NY, 1980, pp 381-399 (2nd Intl Mg Sympos, Quebec, Canada, 1976)
23 Flink EB, Stutzman FL, Anderson AR, Konig T, Fraser R: Magnesium deficiency after prolonged parenteral fluid administration and after chronic alcoholism complicated by delirium tremens. J Lab Clin Med 43:169-183, 1954.
24 Flink EB: Magnesium deficiency in alcoholism. Alcoh: Clin Exp Res 10:590- 594, 1986.
25 Influence of injected caffeine on the metabolism of calcium and the retention and excretion of sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and copper in rats. J Nutr. 116(2):273-80, 1986 Feb.
26 Calcium and magnesium contents and volume of the terminal cisternae in caffeine-treated skeletal muscle. J Cell Biol. 99(2):558-68, 1984 Aug.
27 Effect of caffeine and theophylline on Mg ++ -dependent ATPase. Arch Int Physiol Biochim. 80(4):815-8, 1972 Oct.
28 Cocaine Induces Rapid Loss of Intracellular Free Mg2+ In Cerebral Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells. Altura BM, Zhang A, Cheng TPO, Altura BT. European J. of Pharmacology --- Molecular Pharm. Section, 246 (1993) 299-301
29 Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review) Seelig, M.S. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 13, No. 5, 429-446 (1994) conseq.shtml
30 Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review) Seelig, M.S. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 13, No. 5, 429-446 (1994) conseq.shtml
31 Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review) Seelig, M.S. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 13, No. 5, 429-446 (1994) conseq.shtml
32 Prepublication copy, 1997, of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Magnesium, from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science. Page 6-5 . exhibitk.shtml
33 Durlach, J. (1989): Recommended dietary amounts of magnesium: Mg RDA. Magnesium Res. 2, 195-203.
34 Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review) Seelig, M.S. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 13, No. 5, 429-446 (1994) conseq.shtml
35 Chronic Latent Tetany of Magnesium Deficiency: CFS, FM, Migraine The latent tetany syndrome (LTS) parallels CFS in its neuromuscular and psychiatric manifestations, as well as in inner ear disturbances: vestibular in CFS and FM. URL: clmd.shtml
36 MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AND STRESS. URL: conseq.shtml
37 Prenatal and Genetic Mg Deficiency URL: genetic.shtml
38 Cardiovascular Consequences of Mg Deficiency URL: cardio.shtml
39 Magnesium and Ageing URL: dur06.shtml
40 Magnesium deficiency and dementia URL: dur30.shtml
41 Audiogenic seizures in magnesium-deficient mice Magnesium deficiency in mice causes and increases audiogenic seizures. This effect was reversed by oral administration of magnesium acetyltaurinate (ATaMg), magnesium pyrrolido URL: dur10.shtml
42 Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review) Seelig, M.S. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 13, No. 5, 429-446 (1994) conseq.shtml
52 Prepublication copy, 1997, of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Magnesium, from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science. exhibitk.shtml
55 SCHROEDER, H. A. 1971. Losses of vitamins and trace metals resulting from processing and preservation of food. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24: 562-573.
57 cancer.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
58 calcs.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
59 africa.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
60 alturacv.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
61 dur05.shtml (Medical Journal Reprint)
62 Karppanen, H.; Neuvonen, P. J.: Ischaemic heart-disease and soil magnesium in Finland; Water hardness and magnesium in heart-muscle: The Lancet, Dec. 15, 1973.
63 Exhibit O Letters from the Archivist of the American Medical Association concerning prosecution of mineral water.
64 Exhibit P Excerpts from the book, Crazy Water --- The Story of Mineral Wells and Other Texas Health Resorts.
65 Amended Complaint, Points and Authorities, page 7, paragraphs 21-27: "In the Archives of Historical Health Fraud Collection, maintained by the American Medical Association, there are 57 large boxes containing files on water and mineral water companies investigated and prosecuted or persecuted by the FDA, AMA, DOJ, etc.
The AMA archivist, Dr. John Zwicky, wrote to plaintiff that, "chemical analyses of the products themselves (revealed) the water was usually anything but pure, clean water (resulting in) notices of federal judgements against the companies. The Historical Health Fraud Collection also has some records of federal agencies such as the Federal Trade Commission, which prosecuted companies for misbranding or other offenses. For other records of federal action against individual companies...contact the FDA... Likewise with the Federal Trade Commission.
Dr. Zwicky's comments indicate the vast extent of the persecution of mineral waters in the United States by the organized powers of government ----- anything other than "pure, clean water" was persecuted, until the American mineral water industry ceased to exist, save for a few small mom-and-pop companies, despite the now-overwhelming scientific evidence of the benefits of Mg-rich water.
48F2d.378 concerns a bottled "healing" mineral water from a spring well-regarded by the Catawba Indians, and named by them in their language, "Healing Water", which was prosecuted by the FDA without a hearing. The District Judge wrote, "We make the finding that this water at the time of trial was free from the criticisms made of it and will continue to be free. We make this finding because the claimants have introduced evidence through the testimony of experts to this effect, which is uncontradicted." Clearly, the FDA was on an unjustified witch-hunt against this "healing water," and attempted to use the Department of Justice as a tool for this persecution.
In 1933, the FDA sent it's "Chamber of Horrors" exhibit of allegedly dangerous products to Chicago's "Century of Progress Exposition", and included Crazy Water mineral crystals in the exhibit. The crystals contained magnesium and other minerals, and were derived from the evaporation of mineral water, for the purpose of making "instant mineral water" by dissolving the crystals in ordinary, low-TDS tap water. Ref: "Crazy Water -- The Story of Mineral Wells and Other Texas Health Resorts", Gene Fowler, Texas Christian University Press, 1991. Vice President Garner ordered the FDA to remove the Crazy Water crystals from its Chamber of Horrors.
The same source cites a booklet by the AMA's Bureau of Investigation, detailing numerous prosecutions by the FDA of mineral water companies. The AMA booklet stated, "No mineral water will be accepted by the medical profession for alleged medicinal properties supported only by testimonials from bucolic statesmen or romantic old ladies." The AMA and FDA have never recanted their disapproval of mineral water, despite overwhelming and conclusive scientific evidence of the benefits of magnesium in water.
The same source recites, "In April, 1991, a congressional sub-committee released a report stating that plain tap water, which costs a fraction of the price of bottled water, may in some cases actually be safer. Blaming lax FDA regulations, the report cited nearly two dozen 1990 cases of bottled water recalls due to the presence of benzene, styrene or mold. (IBWA's) Scoville expressed exasperation with the subcommittee's action, stating that he and others in the industry have been requesting the FDA to adopt stricter regulations for the last 11 years." This is indicative of the continuing antipathy between the FDA and the bottled water industry to the year 1991."
66 Exhibit A Magnesium content of bottled waters from around the world, consolidated from two books: (1) The Good Water Guide, by Maureen & Timothy Green, Rosendale Press, London, 1994. (2) The Pocket Guide to Bottled Water, by Arthur von Wiesenberger, Contemporary Books, Chicago, 1991.
67 Exhibit J USGS study of 91,429 representative stream water samples of magnesium content of American streams.
68 Exhibit E --- From California Dept. of Drinking Water, list of licensed wells containing over 90 mg/L magnesium.
69 Exhibit E --- From Texas Dept. of Natural Resources, list of Texas wells containing over 100 mg/L magnesium.
70 Exhibit PP Web search for "pure water" purveyors.
71 Exhibit BB Abstract of medical journal Article #1, average magnesium content of US tap waters.
72 Exhibit A Magnesium content of bottled waters from around the world, consolidated from two books: (1) The Good Water Guide, by Maureen & Timothy Green, Rosendale Press, London, 1994. (2) The Pocket Guide to Bottled Water, by Arthur von Wiesenberger, Contemporary Books, Chicago, 1991.
73 Exhibit D Calculations of American Deaths Caused by Magnesium Deficient Water... table, page 3.
74 Exhibit CCC --- Variation in Mineral Content of Commercially Available Bottled Waters: Implications for Health and Disease.
This page was first uploaded on November 4, 1999