Paul W. Mason
Donna Shalala, Sec. of Health; and Dr. David
Friedman, Acting Commissioner of the FDA
The leading cause of death in the US is heart disease, accounting for 48% of all deaths, at a mean age of 59 years (1985).
In the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Jan. 10, 1966, Dr. Henry A. Schroeder published his article, "Municipal Drinking Water and Cardiovascular Death Rates," which correlated such deaths with the mineral content of drinking water in 97 American cities. He concluded that "the purer the water in terms of dissolved minerals, the higher the death rate." Since then, the cardio-protective effect has been found to come primarily from the magnesium content of hard water, which may potentially prevent 15-40 % of cardiovascular deaths.
Dr. Schroeder considered only the cardiovascular deaths of Whites, not Blacks or Hispanics because "the mortality from hypertensive heart disease of non-white persons is often several times greater than that of whites."
The National Academy of Sciences in its study of Dietary Reference Intake for magnesium released Aug. 1997, set an RDA for men 51-70 years of 420 mg/day. The NAS found that the mean intake of all males aged nine and older was 323 mg/day, for an average magnesium shortfall of 97 mg/day. Blacks consumed less Mg than Hispanics or Whites, and elderly Hispanic males consumed a mean of only 237 mg/day -- a shortfall of 183 mg/day -- 89% higher than the White shortfall of Mg.
The greater the shortfall, the higher the rate of hypertensive heart disease. Researchers have been saying this for decades, even as the AMA and FDA deprived Americans of magnesium by approving the removal of magnesium from foodstuffs through processing, and by deliberately destroying the American mineral water industry by smearing, hounding, prosecuting, libeling, and persecuting it in every way.
In the Archives of the Historical Health Fraud Collection, maintained by the American Medical Association, there are 53 large boxes containing files on water and mineral water companies investigated and prosecuted or persecuted by the FDA, AMA, DOJ, etc.
The AMA archivist, Dr. John Zwicky, wrote to plaintiff that, "chemical analyses of the products themselves (revealed) the water was usually anything but pure, clean water (resulting in) notices of federal judgments against the companies. The Historical Health Fraud Collection also has some records of federal agencies such as the Federal Trade Commission, which prosecuted companies for misbranding or other offenses.
For other records of federal action against individual companies, you may contact the FDA to see if they have an archive or if their records are in the National Archives. Likewise with the Federal Trade Commission. The Department of Justice is another matter.... Speaking from experience, court records are often voluminous, but very interesting and informative. You will need to check the docket books first and then identify the case that you want to look at. The National Archives has records centers in major cities all over the country, including Chicago, Kansas City, Atlanta, Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Los Angeles, and a number of places in between.
Dr. Zwicky's comments indicate the vast extent of the persecution of mineral waters in the United States by the organized powers of government -- anything other than "pure, clean water" was persecuted, until the American mineral water industry ceased to exist, save for a few small mom-and-pop companies, despite the now-overwhelming scientific evidence of the benefits of Mg-rich water.
Jane Kenamore, AMA librarian in charge of the AMA Health Fraud Collection, left a message on my answering machine concerning the AMA's documentation of the investigation and prosecution of mineral waters, stating, "It's a tremendous amount... and we have a policy against photocopying everything in the collection. I hate to be sounding very negative, but that's the situation." Clearly, the AMA, FDA, and DHHS have a motive to cover-up the evidence of the benefits of Mg-rich water.
48F2d.378 concerns a bottled "healing" mineral water from a spring well regarded by the Catawba Indians, and named by them in their language, "Healing Water", which was prosecuted by the FDA without a hearing. The District Judge wrote, "We make the finding that this water at the time of trial was free from the criticisms made of it and will continue to be free. We make this finding because the claimants have introduced evidence through the testimony of experts to this effect, which is uncontradicted." Clearly, the FDA was on an unjustified witch-hunt against this "healing water," and attempted to use the Department of Justice as a tool for this persecution.
In 1933, the FDA sent its "Chamber of Horrors" exhibit of allegedly dangerous products to Chicago's "Century of Progress Exposition," and included Crazy Water mineral crystals in the exhibit. The crystals contained magnesium and other minerals, and were derived from the evaporation of mineral water, for the purpose of making "instant mineral water" by dissolving the crystals in ordinary, low-TDS tap water. Ref: "Crazy Water -- The Story of Mineral Wells and Other Texas Health Resorts," Gene Fowler, Texas Christian University Press, 1991. Vice President Garner ordered the FDA to remove the Crazy Water crystals from its Chamber of Horrors.
The same source cites a booklet by the AMA's Bureau of Investigation, detailing numerous prosecutions by the FDA of mineral water companies. The AMA booklet stated, "No mineral water will be accepted by the medical profession for alleged medicinal properties supported only by testimonials from bucolic statesmen or romantic old ladies." The AMA and FDA have never recanted their disapproval of mineral water, despite overwhelming and conclusive scientific evidence of the benefits of magnesium in water.
The US Dept. of Agriculture has published Agriculture Handbook #8, Composition of Foods -- Raw, Processed, Prepared, which gives the magnesium content of all foods. The most common food, bread, is made of wheat. This table gives the magnesium content of a 100 gram portion of various wheat products:
Wheat, whole grain 160 mg Whole Wheat Flour 113 mg Patent, all purpose (white) flour 25 mg
White flour has less than one sixth the magnesium of whole grain wheat, and less than one fourth the magnesium of whole wheat flour. The story is the same for nearly all processed foods -- much or most of the magnesium is lost during processing, and there is no effective way of putting it back.
The Health Fraud Archives of the AMA has identified numerous dissenting physicians who have railed against white flour during the last hundred years; despite current scientific evidence, the AMA still gives its blessing to white flour and other over-processed, Mg-deficient foods. So the AMA has a strong interest in sweeping the whole magnesium catastrophe under the carpet, ignoring it.
The net effect of this imposed deprivation of magnesium is to increase the rate of heart disease and mortality, particularly among Blacks and Hispanics. Thus an effect of imposed Mg deficiency is to weaken the voting power of Blacks and Hispanics relative to White voting power.
Did this enforced deficiency originate as a stupid blunder during the era of Jim Crow? Or was it planned as a deliberate genocide to prevent voting by and existence of Blacks and Hispanics? Either way, the effect today is an interference with voting rights and a significant reduction in the number of Black and Hispanic votes.
Arch Environ Health/Vol 28, June 1974, Municipal Water/Schroeder & Kraemer
This page was first uploaded to The Magnesium Web Site on September 25, 1997