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References to "A Citizen's Petition for the voluntary fortification of beverages with magnesium"


1. Absorption and Excretion of Magnesium; Gastrointestinal Absorption of Magnesium; Renal Excretion of Magnesium; etc.: 1984.

2. Alfrey, A. C.; Miller, N. L.; Butkus, D.: Evaluation of body magnesium stores: The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine: Aug., 1974.

3. Alpers, D.; Clouse, R.: Magnesium: Manual of Nutritional Therapeutics: 1979?.

4. Altura, B. M.; Altura, B. T.: Cardiovascular risk factors and magnesium: relationships to atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and hypertension: Magnesium and Trace Elements: 1991-92; 10:182-192.

5. Altura, B. M.: Sudden-death ischemic heart disease and dietary magnesium intake: is the target site coronary vascular smooth muscle?: Medical Hypotheses: 5:843-848 1979.

6. Anderson, T. W.; Le Riche, W. H.; MacKay, J. S.: Sudden death and ischemic heart disease, correlation with hardness of local water supple: New England Journal of Medicine: Vol 280, No. 15: Apr. 10, 1969.

7. Anderson, T. W.; Neri, L. C.; Schreiber, G. B.; Talbot, F. D. F.; Zdrojewski, A.: Ischemic heart disease, water hardness and myocardial magnesium: CMA Journal: Aug. 9, 1975.

8. Anderson, T. W.; Le Riche, W. H.: Sudden death from ischemic heart disease in Ontario and its correlation with water hardness and other factors: CMA Journal: July 24, 1971.

9. Anderson, T. W.; Hewitt, D.; Neri, L. C.; Schreiber, G.; Talbot, F.; Water hardness and magnesium in heart muscle: The Lancet: Dec. 15, 1973.

10. Anderson, T. W.; Le Riche, W. H; Hewitt, D.; Neri, L. C.: Magnesium, water hardness, and heart disease: Magnesium in Health and Disease: 1980.

11. Belojevic, G.: [The hardness of drinking water and cardiovascular disease]: Srp Arh Celok Lek: Sep.-Oct., 1992. Unavailable

12. Berkelhammer, C.; Bear, R. A.: A clinical approach to common electrolyte problems:* 4. Hypomagnesemia: Can Med Assoc J: Feb 15, 1985.

13. Bigg, R. P. C.; Chia, R.: Magnesium deficiency: The Medical Journal of Australia: April 4, 1981.

14. Cannon, L. A.; Heiselman, D. E.; Dougherty, J. M.; Jones, J.: Magnesium levels in cardiac arrest victims: relationship between magnesium levels and successful resuscitation: Annals of Emergency Medicine: Nov., 1987.

15. Chipperfield, B.; Chipperfield, J. R.; Behr, G.; Burton, P.: Magnesium and potassium content of normal heart muscle in areas of hard and soft water: The Lancet: Jan. 17, 1976.

16. Chipperfield, B.; Chipperfield, J. R.: Cot deaths and mineral salts: The Lancet: Jan. 27, 1979.

17. Contribution of Drinking Water to Mineral Nutrition: Drinking Water and Health: 1977?.

18. Crawford, M. D.; Gardner, M. J.; Morris, J. N.: Changes in water hardness and local death-rates: The Lancet: Aug. 14, 1971.

19. Crawford, M. D.: Gardner, M. J.: Morris, J. N.: Mortality and hardness of local water-supplies: The Lancet: April 20, 1968.

20. Crawford, T.;: Prevalence and pathological changes of ischaemic heart-disease in a hard-water and in a soft-water area: The Lancet: Feb. 4, 1967.

21. Dirks, J. H.: The kidney and magnesium regulation: Kidney International: 1983.

22. Durlach, J.; Durlach, V.: Rayssiguier, Y.; Ricquier, D.; Goubern, M.; Bertin, R.; Bara, M.; Guiet-Bara, A.; Olive, G.; Mettey, R.: Magnesium and thermoregulation. I. Newborn and infant. Is sudden infant death syndrome a magnesium-dependent disease of the transition from chemical to physical thermoregulation?: Magnesium Research: 1991.

23. Durlach, J.; Bara, M.; Guiet-Bara, A.: Magnesium level in drinking water and cardiovascular risk factor: a hypothesis: 1985.

24. Durlach, J.: Recommended dietary amounts of magnesium: Mg RDA: Magnesium Research: 1989.

25. Durlach, J., Bara, M., Guiet-Bara, A.: Magnesium level in drinking water: its importance in cardiovascular risk: Magnesium in Health and Disease: 1989.

26. Durlach, J.; Durlach, V.; Rayssiguier, Y.; Bara, M.; Guiet-Bara, A.: Magnesium and the cardiovascular system: II. Clinical data. A critical review: Molecular biology of atherosclerosis: 57th European Atherosclerosis Society Meeting: 1992.

27. Durlach, J.; Durlach, V.; Rayssiguier, Y.; Bara, M.; Guiet-Bara, A.: Magnesium and blood pressure. II. Clinical studies: Magnesium Research: 1992.

28. Dyckner, T.; Wester, P. O.: Effect of Magnesium on blood pressure: British Medical Journal: June 11, 1983.

29. Dyckner, T.; Wester, P. O.: Relation between potassium, magnesium and cardiac arrhythmias: 1980?.

30. Dyckner, T.; Wester, P. O.: Magnesium in cardiology, Acta Med Scand: 1982.

31. Dyckner, T.: Serum magnesium in acute myocardial infarction, relation to arrhythmias: Acta Med Scand: 1980.

32. Ebel, H.; Gunther, T.: Role of magnesium in cardiac disease: Clin Chem Clin Biochem: 1983.

33. Eisenberg, M. J.: Magnesium deficiency and sudden death: American Heart Journal: Aug., 1992.

34. Eisenberg, M. J.: Magnesium deficiency and cardiac arrhythmias: New York State Journal of Medicine: March, 1986.

35. Elwood, P. C.; Fehily, A. M.; Sweetnam, P. M.; Yarnell J. W. G.: Dietary magnesium and prediction of heart disease: The Lancet: Aug. 22, 1992.

36. Flink, E. B.: Magnesium deficiency. Etiology and clinical spectrum: 1980?.

37. Halpern, G. M.; Van de Water, J.; Delabrois, A.; Keen, C.; Gershwin, M. E.: Comparative uptake of calcium from milk and a calcium-rich mineral water in lactose intolerant adults: American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 1991: 7(6) 379.

38. Hankin, J. H.; Margen, S.; Goldsmith, N. F.: Contribution of hard water to calcium and magnesium intakes of adults: Journal of the American Dietetic Association: Jan. 31, 1969.

39. Hardness Of Drinking Water And Public Health. Proceedings of the European Scientific Colloquium, Luxembourg, May 1975. Commission of the European Communities.

40. Haring, B. S. A.; Van Delft, W.: Changes in the mineral composition of food as a result of cooking in "hard" and "soft" waters: Archives of Environmental Health: Jan./Feb. 1981.

41. Iseri, L. T.; French, J. H.: Magnesium: Nature's physiologic calcium blocker: American Heart Journal: July 1984.

42. Jones, J. E.; Manalok, R.; Flink, E. B.: Magnesium requirements in adults: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: June 6, 1967.

43. Karppanen, H.; Neuvonen, P. J.: Ischaemic heart-disease and soil magnesium in Finland; Water hardness and magnesium in heart-muscle: The Lancet, Dec. 15, 1973.

44. Karppanen, H.; Tanskanen, A.; Tuomilehto, J.; Puska, P.; Vuori, J.; Jantti, V.; Seppanen, M.: Safety and effects of potassium- and magnesium-containing low sodium salt mixtures: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: 1984.

45. Karppanen, Heikki: Epidemiological studies on the relationship between magnesium intake and cardiovascular diseases; Artery: 1981.

46. Kubena, K. S.; Durlach, J.: Historical review of the effects of marginal intake of magnesium in chronic experimental magnesium deficiency: 1990?.

47. Lacey, R. F.; Shaper, A. G.: Changes in water hardness and cardiovascular death rates: International Journal of Epidemiology: 1984.

48. Leary, W. P.; Reyes, A. J.; Lockett, C. J.; Arbuckle, D. D.; Van der Byl, K.: Magnesium and deaths ascribed to ischaemic heart disease in South Africa. A preliminary report.: SA Medical Journal: Vol 64: November 5, 1983.

49. Levine, B. S.; Coburn, J. W.: Magnesium, The mimic/antagonist of calcium: The New England Journal of Medicine: May 10, 1984.

50. Lowik, M. R. H.; Groot, E. H.; Binnerts, W. T.: Magnesium and public health: the impact of drinking water: Toxic Substances in Environmental Health: 1982.

51. Luoma, H.; Aromaa, A.; Helminen, S.; Murtomaa, H.; Kiviluoto, L.; Punsar, S.; Knek, P.: Risk of myocardial infarction in Finnish men in relation to fluoride, magnesium and calcium concentration in drinking water: Acta Med Scand: 1983.

52. Magnesium: Coming of Age: editorial: Harvard Heart Letter: Aug. 1991.

53. Marier, J. R.: Cardio-protective contribution of hard waters to magnesium intake: Review of Canadian Biology: Vol. 37, No. 2: June 1978: p 115-125.

54. Marier, J. R.: Magnesium Content of the Food Supply in the Modern-Day World: 1986.

55. Marier, J. R.; Neri, L. C.: Quantifying the role of magnesium in the interrelationship between human mortality/morbidity and water hardness: Magnesium: #4, 53-59: 1985.

56. Masironi, R.: Geochemistry and cardiovascular disease: Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London. 1979. Cardiovascular Disease Unit, World Health Organization.

57. Mason, P.; Mason, J.: Calculations of American deaths caused by magnesium deficiency, as projected from international data: 1994, publication pending. (Available free (FAX: 408) 897-3028.)

58. Mason, P.; Mason, J.: JUSTIFICATION OF THE INTERMEDIATE CALCULATIONS IN SUPPORT OF THE ARTICLE, "Calculations of American deaths caused by magnesium deficiency, as projected from international data": 1994 publication pending. (Available free (FAX: 408) 897-3028.)

59. Mason, P.; Mason, J.: Calculations of deaths caused by magnesium deficient bottled water in California: 1994, publication pending. (Available free (FAX: 408) 897-3028.)

60. Mason, P.; Mason, J.: The economics of magnesium fortification of beverages: 1994, publication pending. (Available free (FAX: 408) 897-3028.)

61. Molloy, D. W.; Dhingra, S.; Solven, F.; Wilson, A.; Mccarthy, D. S.: Hypomagnesemia and respiratory muscle power: Concise Clinical Studies: 1984.

62. Neri, L. C.; Hewitt, D.; Mandel, J. S.: Risk of sudden death in soft water-area: American Journal of epidemiology: Aug., 1971.

63. Neri, L. C.; Johansen, H. L.: Water hardness and cardiovascular mortality: Annals New York Academy of Sciences: 1978.

64. Peterson, D. R.; Thompson, D. J.; Nam, J.: Water hardness, arteriosclerotic heart disease and sudden death: 1970.

65. Pocock, S. J.; Shaper, A. G.; Cook, D. G.; Packham, R. F.; Lacey, R. F.; Powell, P.; Russell, P. F.: British Regional Heart Study: Geographic Variations in Cardiovascular Mortality, and the Role of Water Quality: Feb. 20, 1980.

66. Punsar, S.; Karvonen, M. J.: Drinking water quality and sudden death: observations from West and East Finland: Cardiology: 1979.

67. Rasmussen, H. S.; McNair, P.; Goransson, L.; Balslov, S.; Larsen, O. G.; Aurup, P.: Magnesium deficiency in patients with ischemic heart disease with or without acute myocardial infarction uncovered by an intravenous loading test: Arch Intern Med: Feb., 1988.

68. Rayssiguier, Y.; Gueux, E.: Magnesium and lipids in cardiovascular disease: Journal of the American College of Nutrition: 1986.

69. Rayssiguier, Y.; Gueux, E.; Durlach, V.; Durlach, J.; Nassir, F.; Mazur, A.: Magnesium and the cardiovascular system: I. New experimental data on magnesium and lipoproteins: Molecular biology of atherosclerosis: 57th European Atherosclerosis Society Meeting: 1992.

70. Reinhard, R. A.; Desbiens, N. A.: Hypomagnesemia in patients entering the ICU: Critical Care Medicine: 1985.

71. Reyes, A. J.; Leary, W. P.: Pathogenesis of arrhythmogenic changes due to magnesium depletion: SA Medical Journal: Aug. 27, 1983.

72. Rylander, R.; Bonevik, H.; Rubenowitz, E.: Magnesium and calcium in drinking water and cardiovascular mortality: Scand J Work Environ Health: 1991.

73. Ryzen, E.; Wagers, P. W.; Singer, F. R.; Rude, R. K.; Magnesium deficiency in a medical ICU population: Critical Care Medicine: 1985.

74. Schroeder, H. A.: Municipal drinking water and cardiovascular death rates: JAMA: Jan. 10, 1966.

75. Schroeder, H. A.: Relation between mortality from cardiovascular disease and treated water supplies: JAMA: April 23, 1960.

76. Schroeder, H. A.; Kraemer, L. A.: Cardiovascular Mortality, Municipal Water, and Corrosion: Arch Environ Health: Vol 28: June 1974.

77. Schuette, S. A.; Hartmann, S. C.; Ting, B. T. G.; Janghorbani, M.: Feasibility of measuring organ magnesium turnover in vivo by continuous feeding of a stable isotope: J Nutr Biochem: January 1992.

78. Seelig, M. S.; Heggtveit, H. A.: Magnesium interrelationships in ischemic heart disease: a review: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: Jan. 1974.

79. Seelig, M. S.: Magnesium Requirements in Human Nutrition: Contemporary Nutrition: Vol. 7, No. 1: Jan. 1982.

80. Seelig, M. S.: Overview: recognizing the problem of magnesium deficiency: Proceedings of the University of Missouri's 22nd annual conference on trace substances in environmental health: May 23, 1988.

81. Seelig, M. S. : Nutritional status and requirements of magnesium with consideration of individual differences and prevention of cardiovascular disease: Magnesium Bulletin: no. 8: 1986.

82. Seelig, M. S.: The requirement of magnesium by the normal adult; summary and analysis of published data: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: Vol. 14: June 1964.

83. Seelig, M. S.: Possible Role of Magnesium in disorders of the aged: Modern Aging Research: p 279-305: 1983.

84. Shine, K. I.; Myocardial effects of magnesium: The American Physiological Society: 1979. Not available.

85. Singh, R. B.; Effect of dietary magnesium supplementation in the prevention of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death. Magnesium And Trace Elements, 1990; 9.

86. Singh, R. B.; Cameron, E. A.: Relation of myocardial magnesium deficiency to sudden death in ischemic heart disease: American Heart Journal, Letters to the editor: March 1982.

87. Turlapaty, P.; Altura, B. M.: Magnesium deficiency produces spasms of coronary arteries: relationship to etiology of sudden death ischemic heart disease: Science: April 1980.

88. Tzivoni, D.; Keren, A.: Suppression of ventricular arrhythmias by magnesium: The American Journal of Cardiology: June 1, 1990.

89. Ventricular arrhythmias and magnesium: Patient Care: October 15, 1990.

90. Water Hardness and Cardiovascular Disease: Drinking Water and Health: 1979?.

91. Wester, P. O.: Magnesium--effect on arrhythmias: International Journal of Cardiology: 1986.

92. Whang, R.; Oei, T. O.; Aikawa, J. K.; Watanabe, A.; Vannatta, J.; Fryer, A.; Markanich, M.: Predictors of clinical hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia: Arch Intern Med: Sept. 1984.

93. Wong, E. T.; Rude, R. K.; Singer, F. R.; Shaw, S. T.: A high prevalence of hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia in hospitalized patients: American Society of Clinical Pathologists: March 1983.

94. Zipes, D. P.: Sudden cardiac death: The American Journal of Cardiology: Feb. 1979.

This page was first uploaded to The Magnesium Web Site on September 30, 1995